Using Tier II Reporting to Minimize Risks of Off-Site Consequences Reply

Tier II reporting season is coming up. With the March 1 deadline comes the opportunity to not only take a fresh look at the chemicals stored at your facility, but to also see if any of these chemicals, despite being below the reportable thresholds, could trigger an offsite consequence, which has become one of EPA’s enforcement initiatives under the General Duty Clause of Risk Management Planning. Please read below for important updates to Tier II reporting as well as further information on Risk Management Programs and some ways CAPACCIO can assist by minimizing the risks associated with off-site chemical consequences.

Reporting Year 2016 Tier II Reports Due by March 1 & MEMA’s Online Reporting System Information 

Massachusetts facilities covered by the federal Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) requirements must submit Tier II reports to their Emergency Planning Committee (EPC), Local Fire Department, and the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) by March 1, 2017. The reference table below may assist you in determining your facility’s applicability to this reporting requirement:

Tier II reporting thresholds:

Extremely hazardous substances (EHS)* 500 pounds (227 kg) or threshold planning quantity, whichever is less.
All other hazardous substances: 10,000 pounds (4,540 kg) for any material that has an SDS
*You may obtain a list of EHS substances on the EPA website here.

MEMA, in coordination with the Massachusetts State Emergency Response Commission (SERC), intends to use the web-based Tier II Manager System for the 2016 Tier II reporting period. It is anticipated that the Tier II Manager System will be available for 2016 reporting by January 9, 2017. MEMA will provide notice to all Tier II Manager System users when the System is available. You may Click here for a link to the online filing system.

The Tier II Manager System is used for filing Tier II reports with the Massachusetts SERC only. Please note that facilities are required to submit separate reports to their respective EPC and Fire Departments.

All Tier II filers must register on the new system, with a limit of one user account per facility. Registration is a one-time process, so if you have already registered to use the Tier II Manager System you do not need to do so again. Previous Tier II data for your facility is preloaded into the system to allow for easier 2016 data reporting.

The SERC is requiring that all RY 2016 Tier II reporting entities submit electronic reports; hard copies will not be accepted.

General Duty Clause and Risk Management Program Clean Air Act EPA Enforcement Initiative

In order to prevent accidents that can cause off-site consequences, Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act established the Risk Management Plan (RMP) program that requires facilities with certain chemicals above regulatory thresholds (see the list in 40 CFR 68) to develop and implement an RMP program that identifies and mitigates the hazards associated with chemical use.

Although the RMP program is only applicable when quantities exceed a certain threshold, the regulation also includes a GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE (GDC) that requires facilities which use ANY AMOUNT of the chemicals on the RMP list (or any amount of an extremely hazardous substance) to understand and mitigate any hazards that could result in off-site consequences.

Therefore, companies need to look at chemicals at their facilities that are on the list in 40 CFR 68 (or are extremely hazardous substances) EVEN IF THEY ARE STORED/USED BELOW REGULATORY THRESHOLDS, and make a determination if there could be a risk of off-site consequences in the event of an accident.

This regulation, and the GDC, are now an enforcement priority for EPA, in part because of a fatality that occurred last year involving a release of gaseous ammonia. The EPA will be using Tier II data as part of their initiative to target facilities that meet the conditions of the GDC.

CAPACCIO’s GDC experts go beyond the basic Tier II reporting, and help you to reduce the risks associated with chemicals stored at your facility that could travel off-site. Our dynamic approaches and levels of GDC support include:

Basic High Level Screening: CAPACCIO will review your company’s Tier II list and/or chemical inventory and select a few chemicals stored in large quantities or extremely hazardous substances to run through the ALOHA model, and determine if there are likely to be off-site consequences.

In-Depth Screening: CAPACCIO will review more chemicals, and will perform ALOHA modeling and subsequent analysis using site specific inputs. We will provide a list of chemicals for which GDC requirements are applicable, and a recommendation to determine what additional work may be required to comply with GDC requirements.

Gap Analysis: CAPACCIO will review your existing standard operating procedures, mechanical integrity programs, and management of change procedures to determine what steps need to be taken to conform to GDC requirements. You will receive a matrix with any gaps that are identified. CAPACCIO can then assist in closing out gaps identified, and assist with the development of an RMP “Lite” Program if desired (see below).

Development of an RMP “Lite” Program: CAPACCIO can help you implement the recommendations that result from the Gap Analysis that may include development of process flow diagrams, procedures and training (if needed), as well as engineering tasks such as preparation of process safety information and off-site consequences analysis.

We can help! Our Tier II and GDC experts can assist you with the reporting and planning challenges as noted above that are associated with these programs. If you have any questions about either the Tier II or GDC programs, please contact Christine Silverman at 508-970-0033 ext. 127 or csilverman@capaccio.com or Alexis Dallaportas at 608-970-0033 ext. 142 or adallasportas@capaccio.com.

Changes to EPCRA Sections 311 and 312 hazardous chemical reporting forms (Tier I and Tier II) will become effective January 1, 2018 1

Summary of Changes:
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has decided to revise existing hazard categories currently used for hazardous chemical inventory reporting under EPCRA Section 311 (Tier I) and Section 312 (Tier II) to conform to the hazard classes now used in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) revised Hazard Communication Standard (HCS). EPA has decided to replace the existing five hazard categories:

  • Fire
  • Sudden Release of Pressure
  • Reactive
  • Immediate (Acute)
  • Delayed (Chronic)

with the specific hazard classes listed in the revised OSHA Hazard Communication Standard:

Physical Hazard Health Hazard
Flammable (gases, aerosols, liquids, or solids) Carcinogenicity
Gas under pressure Acute toxicity (any route of exposure)
Explosive Reproductive toxicity
Self-heating Skin Corrosion or Irritation
Pyrophoric (liquid or solid) Respiratory or Skin Sensitization
Pyrophoric Gas Serious eye damage or eye irritation
Corrosive to metal Specific target organ toxicity (single or repeated exposure)
Oxidizer (liquid, solid or gas) Aspiration Hazard
Organic peroxide Germ cell mutagenicity
Self-reactive Simple Asphyxiant
In contact with water emits flammable gas Hazard Not Otherwise Classified (HNOC)
Combustible Dust
Hazard Not Otherwise Classified (HNOC)

EPA will be modifying the Tier2 Submit software developed for reporting under section 312 to include the new physical and health hazards. For states that have their own reporting software for section 312, EPA is providing flexibility to allow states to modify their software by January 1, 2018. Facilities are required to comply with reporting the new physical and health hazards on their Tier II inventory form for reporting year 2017, by March 1, 2018.

Dates:

Effective Date: This final rule was effective June 13, 2016.

Compliance Date: The compliance date is January 1, 2018.

Note: These changes will not affect reporting for the current year 2016 and existing forms and software will be used for completing Tier II reports which must be completed by March 1, 2017.

For more information, please contact Bob King, CIH, CSP, at 508-970-0033 ext. 113 or bking@capaccio.com.

REMINDER–Deadline for EPCRA 312 Tier II Report is March 1 Reply

Facilities that store chemicals above the threshold planning quantities are required by the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) to report those chemicals on a Tier II report to the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC). The report is due annually on March 1 and the deadline is fast approaching. CAPACCIO can assist your company in completing the entire report or we can simply conduct a peer review of work completed by your staff.

Guidance regarding the data required by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for Tier II reporting is located at this link:

http://www.mass.gov/eopss/agencies/mema/emergency-info/haz-mat/serc/

The EPA software is available at this link:

http://www2.epa.gov/epcra/tier2-submit-software

Visit http://www.capaccio.com and see our blog posted on December 21 for more
in-depth information on Tier II reporting.

For assistance or peer review of your Tier II report, please contact Bill Potochniak, PE, Practice Area Leader for Healthcare and Education, at 508-970-0033 ext. 134 or wpotochniak@capaccio.com.

2016 Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Materials Reporting Deadlines Announced Reply

2016 will be here before we know it. With the New Year comes a series of compliance reporting deadlines, especially for companies that generate hazardous waste and store and use hazardous materials.

 Toxics Use Reduction Plan Employee Notification – due January 1

Massachusetts companies subject to Toxics Use Reduction (TUR) planning must post a TUR Plan Employee Notification requesting ideas on how to reduce toxic chemical use and waste generation by January 1, 2016.  Please note: The Employee Notification is also required for Resource Conservation (RC) Plans; however for RC Plans, the focus is on the asset chosen for the plan.  There is no Employee Notification requirement for companies that decide to incorporate TUR planning in its Environmental Management System (EMS). 

EPCRA 312 Tier II Reports – due March 1

Federal Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) requires that facilities which store chemicals above the threshold planning quantities report those chemicals on a Tier II report annually to the State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) which in Massachusetts is the Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency (MEMA), the Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC), and the local fire department. Reports are due March 1, 2016.

Companies having to submit Tier II reports must include, among other information, the exact quantity of each reportable chemical stored at its facility and transportation information for EHSs. In order to provide this data, companies must keep accurate chemical storage inventories to quantify maximum and average amounts of chemicals stored at any one time for the previous calendar year.

The link to guidance regarding the data required by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for Tier II reporting is http://www.mass.gov/eopss/agencies/mema/emergency-info/haz-mat/serc/

The state contact for information regarding the MEMA requirements for Tier II reporting is

Jeff Timperi at Jeff.Timperi@state.ma.us or (508) 820-2019.

MEMA is requiring Massachusetts facilities to use the online Tier2Manager reporting system for RY 2015.  Information on setting up an account and accessing facility data can be found on the MEMA website at:  http://www.mass.gov/eopss/agencies/mema/emergency-info/haz-mat/serc/

MEMA strongly recommends that companies include a site plan with Tier II reports.  Some LEPCs require site plans, so it’s good to check with them before you submit the Tier II.

Be sure to contact your LEPC and local fire department as well to inquire about any special requirements they may have regarding Tier II Reporting.

The EPA software is available at this link:

http://www2.epa.gov/epcra/tier2-submit-software

Massachusetts Recycling Permit Annual Reports – due March 1

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) requires generators who recycle hazardous wastes under one of MassDEP’s Recycling Permits to report recycling activities for the previous calendar year on a MassDEP form by March 1, 2016. The MassDEP website for hazardous waste reporting and the annual reporting form for hazardous waste recyclers can be found here: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/massdep/recycle/hazardous/periodic-hazardous-waste-reporting.html.

Federal Hazardous Waste Biennial Reports – due March 1

Large Quantity Generators of hazardous waste must file reports by March 1, 2016 which will include a summary of hazardous wastes generated in CY 2015.

The Hazardous Waste (HW) Biennial Report software and forms are now available for 2015 and can be downloaded from http://www.capaccio.com/Resources/Links_Regulatory.html.

The 2015 version of the software must be used to complete and submit the forms. The following must be mailed to the MassDEP:

  • A signed copy of the Federal 8700/12 Site Identification form, and,
  • The report’s SI, GM, and WR files either as exported from the software or in the EPA Biennial Report Flat File format copied to a CD

Massachusetts TURA Form S Reports – due July 1

MassDEP requires filing of Form S reports for companies otherwise using, processing or manufacturing listed toxic chemicals in excess of certain thresholds within the calendar year in addition to the federally required EPCRA 313 Form R reports by July 1, 2016 for toxic chemicals used during CY 2015.

For access to Form S go to: http://www.capaccio.com/Resources/Links_Regulatory.html. Please note, the forms will not be available for download until April, 2016.

  • MassDEP currently lists the following high hazard substances (HHS) with a lower reporting threshold of 1,000 pounds: trichloroethylene (TCE), cadmium and cadmium compounds, perchloroethylene (PCE, perc), hexavalent chromium compounds, formaldehyde, and methylene chloride.
  • MassDEP has added the following HHS for 2016: 1-boromopropane (n-propyl bromide, nPB), hydrogen fluoride, cyanide compounds, and dimethylformamide (DMF).  The reporting threshold will be 1,000 pounds for these chemicals.  Facilities should begin keeping usage records for these chemicals during 2016.  These chemicals will be reporting on the TURA Form S in 2017.

Massachusetts TUR Plans Recertification/Alternative Plan and EMS Options – due July 1

  • Massachusetts facilities that are subject to Toxics Use Reduction Act (TURA) Form S reporting must prepare/update its TUR Plans and submit plan summaries by July 1, 2016 with its Form S reports for calendar year 2015.
  • If a facility has a TUR Plan that has been through two recertification cycles, it has other options in addition to the traditional TUR planning process. For guidance see http://www.capaccio.com/Resources/Links_Regulatory.html.
    • A company can incorporate the TUR planning process into an already established EMS that has been through one full audited cycle. There are some very specific requirements that require the TUR chemicals to be listed as significant impacts in the EMS.  If this option is chosen, then the company does not have to maintain a traditional TUR Plan anymore.  However, it must submit a progress report by July 1, 2016, signed by either a TUR planner with EMS training or an EMS professional with TUR training.
    • Resource Conservation (RC) Plans allow companies to “take a break” from traditional TUR planning for a two year cycle, and then return to TUR planning every other planning cycle. Instead of focusing on the planning of the reportable TUR chemicals, the company can choose one of five assets.  The five assets include energy, water, solid waste, TUR chemicals that are under the reporting threshold, and chemicals that are exempt under TURA that are in articles or are of significant concern to the company.  The planning process for RC Plans is very similar to traditional plans.  Companies who developed an RC Plan in 2014 will have to submit an RC Plan progress report by July 1, 2016.  The plan must be certified by a TUR planner with additional training in RC planning. 

Federal EPCRA 313 Form R Report – due July 1

EPA requires annual filing of Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Form R reports by facilities that manufacture, process, or otherwise use listed chemicals above certain thresholds.

Form R reports are due July 1, 2016 for chemical releases during CY 2015.  For access to Form R go to:  http://www.capaccio.com/Resources/Links_Regulatory.html.

The method for reporting TRI forms is to use the TRI-Made Easy Web (TRI-ME web) application via the Central Data Exchange (CDX) and the internet located at https://cdx.epa.gov/CDX/Login.

TURA Reporting Fee and Worksheet – due September 1

Toxics Use Reduction Act Fee – Facilities that are subject to Toxics Use Reporting (Form S Reporting) must submit a copy of the Toxics Use Fee Worksheet and fee by September 1, 2016.

CAPACCIO can assist with any or all of your reporting needs. Contact Lucy Servidio at 508-970-0033 ext. 114 or lservidio@capaccio.com or Colleen Walsh at 508-970-0033 ext. 129 or cwalsh@capaccio.com for more information. We’re here to help!