General Duty Clause and Risk Management Program Clean Air Act EPA Enforcement Initiative – Are you in compliance? Reply

Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act establishes the Risk Management Plan (RMP) program, which requires facilities with certain chemicals above regulatory thresholds (see list at 40 CFR 68) to develop and implement an RMP program. An RMP program is designed to identify and mitigate the hazards associated with chemical use in order to prevent accidents that can cause off-site consequences.

Although the RMP program is only applicable when quantities exceed a certain threshold, the regulation also includes a GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE, that requires facilities which use ANY AMOUNT of the chemicals on the RMP list (or any amount of an extremely hazardous substance) to understand and mitigate any hazards that could result in off-site consequences.

What this means is that companies should be looking at chemicals at their facilities that are on the list in 40 CFR 68 (or are extremely hazardous substances) EVEN IF THEY ARE STORED/USED BELOW REGULATORY THRESHOLDS and making a determination if there is a risk of off-site consequences in the event of an accident. This can be done fairly quickly using EPA’s ALOHA modeling software.

Although this regulation and the GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE have been on the books since 1990, it is now an enforcement priority for EPA, in part because of the fatality that occurred this spring involving a release of gaseous ammonia.

CAPACCIO can help in several ways and at varying levels with your GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE Requirements:

Basic High Level Screening: CAPACCIO will review your company’s Tier II list and/or chemical inventory and select a few chemicals stored in large quantities or extremely hazardous substances. We will run these chemicals through the ALOHA model and determine if there are likely to be off-site consequences. The client will receive a list of chemicals that may have off-site consequences and a recommendation for any additional work related to determining impacts and reviewing additional chemicals, if warranted.

In-Depth Screening: Similar to above, but CAPACCIO will review more chemicals. ALOHA modeling and subsequent analysis using site specific inputs will be conducted. Working with the company’s chemical inventory and site information, CAPACCIO will provide a list of chemicals for which GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE requirements are applicable and a recommendation such as a gap analysis to determine what additional work may be required to comply with GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE requirements.

Gap Analysis: CAPACCIO will review the company’s existing standard operating procedures, mechanical integrity programs, management of change procedures. to determine what steps need to be taken to conform to  GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE requirements. The client receives a matrix with any gaps which are identified. CAPACCIO can close out gaps identified and assist with the development of an RMP “Lite” Program if desired (see below).

Development of an RMP “Lite” Program: CAPACCIO can help a company implement the recommendations that result from the Gap Analysis. This would include development of process flow diagrams, procedures and training (if needed), as well as engineering tasks such as preparation of process safety information and off-site consequences analysis. The client receives a written plan of the program.

For more information, please contact Lucy Servidio, CHMM, TURP, at 508-970-0033 ext. 114 or


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